Tourist information Florence Italy
Florence is situated in central Italy, in the heart of Tuscany, and the most developed area of tourism in the city is undoubtedly artistic-religious, thanks to the presence of innumerable works of art and churches. The historical centre of Florence is quite small, so it is easy to visit on foot.
The main attractions are:
The cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore.
The cathedral was begun by Arnolfo di Cambioin 1296, but it was not until 1436 that it was crowned by the Cupola, Filippo Brunelleschi's masterpiece. The dome is the symbol of Florence, a bold and majestic piece of architecture that affords fantastic views of the city (and of the cathedral interior).
Onthe façade side of the cathedral is the boldly coloured campanile of Giotto, which also has fine views of the city.
Piazza della Signoria and Palazzo Vecchio
Piazza della Signoria, the political heart of the city. Palazzo della Signoria, or Palazzo Vecchio, which is the seat of Florence City Council besides housing a museum, was built at the end of the 13th century. At the interior courtyard, you can admire a putto-decorated fountain by Verrocchio and frescoes by Vasari.
Also in the piazza is the 14th-century Loggia dei Lanzi, which displays famous statues such as Benvenuto Cellini's Perseus and Giambologna's Rape of the Sabines.
Another symbol of the city, which has survived wars and flooding. Since the 16th century, the buildings on the bridge have been occupied by goldsmiths.
Designed by Vasari in the 16th century as the Medici secretariat, it is now one of the most important museums in the world. The gallery contains paintings ranging from early masters (Cimabue, Giotto) through to Mannerism, with a splendidly representative selection of Renaissance art by the likes of Botticelli,Filippo Lippi, Paolo Uccello, Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.
One of Florence's most visited museums because it houses Michelangelo's celebrated David. However, the museum also displays other interesting sculptures by the same artist and a rich collection of Tuscan paintings from the 13th to the 16th century
Of 15th-century origin, it was acquired by Eleonora, the wife of Cosimo I, and became the new residence of the Medici family, who had previously been in Palazzo della Signoria. It was enlarged and embellished with a magnificent park, the Boboli Gardens. PalazzoPitti houses a cluster of different museums, one of which are the gardens themselves.
Piazza Santo Spirito
One of the few piazzas in the city with trees in it, is overlooked by beautiful palazzos and by the church of Santo Spirito, which was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi in 1444.
Santa Maria Novella
A 13th-century church of the Dominican order. It has an elegant façade in green and white marble, and a beautiful Gothic interior with a wealth of frescoes and some masterpieces of Renaissance art. Adjoining the church is the Museum of the same name.
Was the church of the Medici family. Its current layout, a sublime example of Renaissance architecture, was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi. The façade was never completed, while the interior houses a number of fine paintings. Around the church are various other significant attractions, including the Laurentian Library, the Old Sacristy and the Medici Chapels, with the New Sacristy, one of Michelangelo's masterpieces.
Basilica of Santa Croce
which was erected between the end of the 13th and during the 14th century, is well worth a visit. The façade is 19th century, but the interior, which is Gothic, is memorable for the frescoes of Giotto and for the tombs of some of Italy's most illustrious figures, including Ugo Foscolo, Galileo Galilei,Michelangelo and Gioacchino Rossini. Besidesthe church, you can also visit the Museo dell'Opera with Brunelleschi's elegant Pazzi Chapel.